Physical Anthropology
Chapter One
Introduction to Anthropology 
Lecture Outline

I.  Introduction to anthropology.
A. What is anthropology?

II.  How is anthropology different from other disciplines that study humans?
A.  It is different in its scope of study.
1. What is the goal of anthropology?
a.  What is biology?
b. What is culture?
c. To what does the term "biocultural" refer?

B.  It is different from other disciplines in its unique approach to the study of humans.
1. What is the holistic approach?
a.  Given its biocultural nature, how do anthropologists perceive and study the human condition?
b. What is the holistic approach?

2. What is the relativistic approach?
a. What is ethnocentrism?
b. Why is it a problem, and what can anthropologists do about it?
c. What is the relativistic approach? (also know as cultural relativism)

3. What is the four-field approach?
a. What is cultural anthropology?
b. What is linguistic anthropology?
c. What is archaeology?
d. What is physical anthropology?

4. What is the scientific approach?
a.  What is science?
b. What are the basic assumptions on which science depends?
c. What is the scientific method?
d. Why is the scientific method so important?

III. The Scientific Method
A. What are the steps of the scientific method?
C.  What are some misconceptions regarding the scientific method?
D. What is a theory?

IV.  Science and Religion